Read part 1 of Aspects of victory of Muslim nation here

5- The fifth form of victory is the most wondrous and the strongest aspect of victory – migration (Hijrah) and bearing harm and killing. 

Many Prophets were killed, and many who ordered justice from among the people were expelled from their land. Many immigrated, and no one followed them, or among them were only one or two who followed them. Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat at-Tawbah (9:52):  

قل هل تربصون بنا إلاإحدى الحسنيين، ونحن نتربص بكم أن يصيبكم الله بعذاب من عنده أو بأيدينا 

“Say, ‘Do you await for us except one of the two best things [i.e. martyrdom or victory]? While we await for you either that Allaah will afflict you with punishment from Himself or at our hand?”  

Also Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat Aal-‘Imran (3:195):

فاستجاب لهم ربهم أني لا أضيع عمل منكم من ذكر أو أنثى بعضكم من بعض، فالذين هاجروا وأخرجوا من ديارهم وأوذوا في سبيلي وقاتلوا وقتلوا لأكفرن عنهم سيئاتهم ولأدخلنهم جنات تجري من تحتها الأنهار ثوابا من عند الله والله عنده حسن الثواب

“And their Lord responded to them, ‘Never will I allow to be lost the work of any (worker) among you, whether male or female. You are of one another. So those who immigrated or who were evicted from their homes or were harmed in My Cause, and fought and were killed – I will surely remove from them their misdeeds, and I will surely admit them to Gardens beneath which rivers flow; a reward from Allaah, and Allaah has with Him the best reward.”

In Surat an-Nisaa’ (4:100), Allaah (Ta’ala says:

ومن يهاجر في سبيل الله يجد في الأرض مراغما كثيرا وسعة، ومن يخرج من بيته مهاجرا إلى الله ورسوله ثم يدركه الموت فقد وقع أجره على الله

“And whoever emigrates for the Cause of Allaah, will find on the earth many dwelling places and plenty to live by (sustenance).

And whoever leaves His home as an emigrant to Allaah and His Messenger, and then death overtakes him – his reward has already become incumbent upon Allaah. And Allaah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

So, if one emigrates or is expelled from the land, or if harm occurs as a consequence of that, then either (1) martyrdom is attained, or (2) the prevalence of the Religion is attained.

Emigration, imprisonment, persecution, torture, and all types of afflictions are signs of victory and highness of fame. As a result of these afflictions there is also victory, as can be seen in the increase in the numbers of followers and the termination or prevention (stopping) of enemies.

ولكن المنافقين لا يعلمون

“But the hypocrites know not.” [Surat al-Munafiqun 63:8]

One should not be heedless (unaware) of how much the souls of the enemies are filled with rage and anger when the Religion of Allaah becomes victorious.

 Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat Aal-‘Imran (3:119):

وإذا خلوا عضوا عليكم الأنامل من الغيظ

“But when they are alone, they bite the tips of their fingers at you in rage.”

And in Surat al-Ahzaab (33:25), Allaah (Ta’ala) says:

ورد الله الذين كفروا بغيظهم لم ينالوا خيرا

“And Allaah drove back those who disbelieved. In their rage they have not obtained any good, no advantage, booty, etc.”

The utmost explanation for this kind of victory is Allaah’s Statement regarding the emigration of His Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in Surat Tawbah (9:40):

إلا تنصروه فقد نصره الله إذ أخرجه الذين كفروا ثاني اثنين إذ هما في الغار إذ يقول لصاحبه لا تحزن إن الله معنا فأنزل الله سكينته عليه وأيده بجنود لم تروها وجعل كلمة الذين كفروا السفلى وكلمة الله هي العليا والله عزيز حكيم

“If you help him [Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)] not (it does not matter), for Allaah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they [Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and Abu Bakr (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu)] were in the cave, and he (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to his Companion [Abu Bakr (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu)]: ‘Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allaah is with us.‘ Then Allaah sent down His Sakeenah (calmness, tranquility, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allaah that became the uppermost, and Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise.”

 Allaah granted victory to His Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions over those who had opposed him, disbelieved in him and showed hostility towards him. He caused His Word and His Religion to prevail over all other religions, commanded him to emigrate from his people to Al-Madinah, where He (Ta’ala) gave him supporters and helpers. Then Allaah (Ta’ala) caused him to prevail over the idolaters on the day of Badr, when He granted him victory over them and he humiliated them, killing their leaders and taking their elite prisoners, driving them before him in chains. Then he did them the favor of accepting ransom from them. Shortly after that, Allaah enabled him to conquer Makkah, and he rejoiced in his return to his homeland, the sacred and holy land of Al-Haram. Through him, Allaah saved it from its disbelief and Shirk. Then Allaah enabled him to conquer Yemen, and the entire Arabian Peninsula submitted to him, and the people entered the religion of Allaah in crowds. Then Allaah took him (in death), because of His high status and honor, and He established his Companions as his Khalifahs. They conveyed the religion of Allaah from him and called mankind to Allaah. They conquered many regions, countries and cities, and opened people’s hearts, until the call of Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) spread throughout the world. This religion will continue to prevail until the Hour begins.

Allaah (Ta’ala) mentions Ibraheem’s (‘Alayhis-salaam) declaration of his Hijrah in Surat al-Ankabut (29:26):

وقال إني مهاجر إلى ربي إنه هو العزيز الحكيم

“I will emigrate for the sake of my Lord. Verily, He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.”

 Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullaah) said: “How would my enemy take vengeance on me while Jannah is in my breast; my killing is a martyrdom, and my expulsion is a spiritual journey, and imprisonment is seclusion.”

Here the people of Truth will know who are truly triumphant and who are defeated.

6- The sixth form of victory is firmness and being patient against the opponent, hoping for the reward from Allaah.

In Surat Muhammad (47:7), Allaah (Ta’ala) promises that whoever will support Him (His Religion) with statement and actions, He will support him and make easy for him the means of victory such as firmness and other than that.

يا أيها الذين آمنوا إن تنصروا الله ينصركم ويثبت أقدامكم

“O you who believe! If you help (in the Cause of) Allaah, He will help you and make your foothold firm.”

Firmness means: He keeps their hearts firm with patience, giving them strength and tranquility in their hearts; He (Ta’ala) also makes their bodies endure all that patiently, and He helps them against their enemies.

There is no greater victory and utmost guidance and success other than to be kept firm by Allaah, and to be upright and guided to overcome one’s lusts and obstacles with courage and firmness.

 This kind of victory is an internal victory which will be followed with an apparent victory.  

ربنا أفرغ علينا صبرا وثبت أقدامنا وانصرنا على القوم الكافرين

  “Our Lord! Pour forth on us patience and set firm our feet and make us victorious over the disbelieving people.” [Surat al-Baqarah (2:250)] 

ربنا اغفر لنا ذنوبنا وإسرافنا في أمرنا وثبت أقدامنا وانصرنا على القوم الكافرين

 “Our Lord! Forgive us our sins and our transgression (in keeping our duties to You), establish our feet firmly, and give us victory over the disbelieving folk.” [Surat Aal-‘Imran (3:147)]    

Allaah (Ta’ala) said to His Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in Surat al-Isra’ (17:74):

 ولولا أن ثبتناك لقد كدت تركن إليهم شيئا قليلا 

“And had We not made you stand firm, you would nearly have inclined to them a little.” 

See how resolute (determined) the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was; he stayed firm in front of all what the Quraish presented to him of kingship, wealth, nobility, etc.  Also look considerably at the firmness of Abu Bakr (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) on the day of the death of Prophet Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), on the day of apostasy of some Arab tribes, and on the day of fighting those who refused to pay the Zakaat. Also the firmness of Imaam Ahmad (Rahimahullaah) in the trial of those who claimed that the Qur’an was created, and see how victory succeeded these events. 

 

Sources:

📚 Khutbah of al-Haram of Makkah “The Aspects of Victory of the Muslim Nation” by Shaikh Saalih ibn Humaid conducted on 2/12/1435 A.H.

📚 Tayseer al-Kareem by Shaikh as-Sa’dee

 📚 Tafseer Ibn Katheer  

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