7 – مقعد صدق (Maq’ad Sidq)

Allaah (Ta’ala) says in Surat Al-Qamar [54:54-55]:

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَنَهَرٍ

“Verily, the Muttaqun (pious), will be in the midst of Gardens and Rivers (Paradise).”

فِي مَقْعَدِ صِدْقٍ عِندَ مَلِيكٍ مُّقْتَدِرٍ

“In a seat of truth (i.e. Paradise), near the Omnipotent King (Allaah, the One, the All-Blessed, the Most High, the Owner of Majesty and Honor).”

Maq’ad Sidq: (In the seat of truth in which there is no lie about it nor its description) means in the dwelling of Allaah’s honor, encompassed by His pleasure, favors, bounties, generosity, and compassion. (Near the Magnificent King) Who created everything and measured its destiny; Who is Able to grant them whatever they wish and ask for.

At-Tabari (Rahimahullaah) said: “’In a seat of truth’ means: in a truthful seat, in which there is no vain or sinful talk.”

Another interpreter said: “They attained that rank by their truthfulness and belief in the Messengers.”

Al-Baghawi (Rahimahullaah) said: “Allaah praised the place (or seat) with truthfulness because no one sits there except the people of truthfulness.”

Al-Qurtubi (Rahimahullaah) said: “It is a seat of truth in which there is no vain or sinful talk, and it is Paradise.”

Accordingly, “Maq’ad Sidq” is either a special seat of truth near Allaah where the truthful ones sit when they visit Allaah, or it is one of the names of Paradise.

8 – المقام الأمين (Al-Maqam Al-Ameen)

In Surat Ad-Dukhaan [44:51-52]:

إِنَّ الْمُتَّقِينَ فِي مَقَامٍ أَمِينٍ

“Verily! The Muttaqun, will be in place of Security (Paradise).”

فِي جَنَّاتٍ وَعُيُونٍ

“Among Gardens and Springs;”

Ibn Katheer (Rahimahullaah) said: “Those who fear Allaah and are dutiful to Him in this world will be in a place of security in the Hereafter (i.e. Paradise) where they will be safe from:

a) Death

b) The fear of leaving it

c) From every kind of worry, grief, terror, and exhaustion

d) From the Shaytaan and his wiles

e) And from all other troubles and disasters.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

So Al-Maqam Al-Ameen is a secured place in which there is no fear at all.

In this Dunya, people are always looking for a safe place to dwell, and if they are afraid in one country, they will go to another country which is safer.

So the people of Paradise will be in Al-Maqam Al-Ameen among gardens and rivers. This is a direct contrast to the state of the doomed, who will have the tree of Zaqqum and boiling water.

9 – جنّات النعيم (Jannaat An-Na’eem)

In Surat Luqman [31:8]:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتُ النَّعِيمِ

“Verily, those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, for them are Gardens of Delight (Paradise).”

Ibn Katheer (Rahimahullaah) said: “They will enjoy all kinds of delights and pleasures; food, drink, clothing, dwelling places, means of transportation, women, a light of beauty and delightful sounds, which have never crossed the mind of any human being. They will stay there forever; never leaving, and never desiring change.” [Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Allaah forbade wretchedness and misery in Jannah, as He forbade water and delight for the people of Hellfire. He (Ta’ala) mentioned in Surat Al-A’raaf [7:50]:

وَنَادَىٰ أَصْحَابُ النَّارِ أَصْحَابَ الْجَنَّةِ أَنْ أَفِيضُوا عَلَيْنَا مِنَ الْمَاءِ أَوْ مِمَّا رَزَقَكُمُ اللَّـهُ ۚ قَالُوا إِنَّ اللَّـهَ حَرَّمَهُمَا عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ

“And the dwellers of the Fire will call to the dwellers of Paradise: “Pour on us some water or anything that Allaah has provided you with.” They will say: “Both (water and provision) Allaah has forbidden to the disbelievers.”

10 – طوبى (Tuba)

In Surat Ar-Ra’d [13:29], Allaah (Ta’ala) says:

الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ طُوبَىٰ لَهُمْ وَحُسْنُ مَآبٍ

“Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islamic Monotheism), and work righteousness, Tuba (it means all kinds of happiness or the name of a tree in Paradise) is for them and a beautiful place of (final) return.”

Allaah (Ta’ala) declares, those who believe and do righteous deeds, meaning, those who have faith from the bottom of their hearts in Allaah, His Angels, His divine Books, and the Day of Resurrection. They confirm this faith with good deeds; both emotionally, such as love, fear, and hope in Allaah; and physically, such as Salaat, etc.

They will have Tuba, i.e. happiness and a beautiful return, i.e. their present is good and pure, and their future, meaning their ending, will also be good. This is due to the fact that they have earned Allaah’s Pleasure in this world and in the Hereafter. They have attained perfect comfort and contentment of the heart. Included within these innumerable blessings is the pure tree that will have a long shadow, such that a horse rider will ride under it for a hundred years but that shadow will not end. This has appeared in an authentic narration. [Tayseer Al-Kareem]

Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) said: “Tuba means happiness and comfort of the eye.”

Ikrimah (Rahimahullaah) said: “How excellent is what they earned.”

Qatadah (Rahimahullaah) said: “You have earned a good thing, because Tuba is derived from the word Tayyib, and all what is in Paradise is good.”

Ad-Dahhaak (Rahimahullaah) said: “A joy for them.”

Al-Baghawi (Rahimahullaah) said: “Better for them.”

These meanings are all synonymous and do not contradict one another.

Accordingly, based on the above interpretation, Tuba is one of the names of Paradise.

Tuba is also a name for a tree in Paradise whose width is a hundred years and the clothes of Paradise are taken from its bark. [Reported by Ahmad and authenticated by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Al -Jamie’, no. 3918]

The Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Tuba is for he who saw me and believed in me. Tuba, and another Tuba, and another Tuba for those who believed in me, but did not see me.” [Authenticated by Al-Albaani in Saheeh Al-Jamie’, no. 3923]

 

Sources:

📚 Tayseer Al-Kareem by Shaikh As-Sa’dee (Rahimahullaah)

📚 Tafseer Ibn Katheer

📚 Explanation of Shaikha Anaaheed of the Book of Ar-Riqaaq

 

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