Read ‘Fear and It’s Types – Part 1’ here

Sources:

  1. Fat-h al-Majeed Sharh Kitab at-Tawheed
  2. The   Destination  of  the  Seeker  of  Truth (Interpretation of Kitab at-Tawheed) by Shaikh Saalih Aal-Shaikh
  3. Tafseer Ibn Katheer
  4. Explanation and commentary of Shaikha Anaheed for chapter 31 of Kitab at-Tawheed
  5. Tasheel al-Aqeedah by Shaikh

Fear of people

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said: “Of the plots of the enemy of Allaah (the Shaytaan) that he makes the believers to be afraid from his soldiers and Awliyaa’ (friends, followers, etc.); in order not to fight them, nor enjoin upon them the Ma’roof nor forbid them from Munkar. Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) has informed us that this is from the plot of the Shytaan and his frightening [in Surat Aal-Imran (3: 173-175)]. Therefore, He (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) forbade us from fearing them. However, as the faith of the slave becomes strong as the fear of the Awliyaa’ (friends) of the Shaytaan is removed from his heart, and as the faith of the person becomes weak as his fear from them is increased. This verse indicates that purifying the fear to Allaah Alone is of perfecting the conditions of faith.”

There are people who fear other’s harm and therefore they abandon what Allaah has made obligatory upon them, or they do what Allaah has made forbidden due to fear of the people’s talk (i.e. what they might say). As Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) says in Surat al-Ankabut (29:100):

“Of mankind are some who say: “We believe in Allaah.” But if they are made to suffer for the sake of Allaah, they consider the trial of mankind as Allaah’s punishment.”

Ibn Katheer (Rahimahuallaah) said: “Allaah mentions the descriptions of the liars who falsely claim faith with their tongues, while faith is not firm in their hearts. When a test or trial comes in this world, they think that it is a punishment from Allaah, so they apostate (leave Islam). Ibn‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) said: ‘Meaning that their trial is leaving Islam (apostasy) if they are made to suffer for the Sake of Allaah.’”[Tafseer Ibn Katheer]

Ibn al-Qayyim (Rahimahuallaah) said: “The people are divided into two groups when the Messengers are sent to  them: either  one says,  ‘I believe’ or he does not say that. The one who does not say  ‘I believe’ continues on committing sins and persists in Kufr (disbelief). As for the one who says, ‘I believe’, his Lord will test him and afflict him, in order to be known clearly who is truthful and who is a liar. The one who does not say, ‘I believe,’ should not think that he can escape from Allaah or from  the  punishment.  Verily,  they  will  never  be  able  to  save themselves  (from  Allaah’s  punishment). The  enemies  of  the Messengers will show enmity to whoever  believes in and obeys the Messengers. They (the enemies) will harm him, i.e. he will be afflicted with  that  which  causes  pain  to  him;  however,  those  who  do  not believe in them (the Messengers) or obey them, he will be punished in this  world  and  the Hereafter,  and  that  which  causes  him pain will occur to him. And this pain  will be greater and more continuous than the pain of their followers.

Pain  will occur for everyone, for every soul, whether believed or  not.  However,  the  pain  that  occurs  for  the  believer happens to him in this world in the beginning, but he will have a good end in this world (after some time) and the Hereafter; and the one who turns away from faith will have enjoyment first, then he will be in continuous pain after that.

Man lives with people of different wills and perspectives and one of them might  ask  a  person  to  agree  with  them.  If  a  man  does  not comply with them, they  might harm him and torture him. If he does comply with them, he will attain the torment once from them and once for other than them.

Take for  instance,  a person who is  religious  and pious  who settles among wicked people, oppressors.  These wicked people, oppressors are  unable  to  practice  their  evil  and  oppression  unless  the  person complies and agrees with them or  he does not protest what they do(i.e., he stays silent). If he agrees with them or stays silent, he will be safe from their evil  in the beginning. Then they  will  overpower him with  insult, and  harm  him  even  more  than  what  he  feared  in  the beginning if he had denied and opposed what they do. And if he stays safe from them, he will inevitably be humiliated and punished by other than them.

Be firm and determined in acting upon the statement of the Mother of the  Believers,  ‘Aishah  (Radia-Allaahu  ‘anha)  to  Mu’awiyah  (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu): “Whoever seeks to displease people at the expense of Allaah’s Pleasure, Allaah will  suffice him his need (from the people)and  whoever  seeks  to  acquire  the  pleasure  of  the  people  at  the expense of Allaah’s anger, Allaah will entrust him to the people”, and in another narration, “and they would not avail him against Allaah (if He wants to punish him).” [Saheeh al-Jamie’ no. 6010 and Saheeh at-Tirmidhi no. 2414]

Whomever  Allaah  has  guided  and  bestowed  guidance  upon and protected from the evil of his own self, he will not agree or comply with them in doing the Haraam (i.e. violate the prohibitions of Allaah); and he will show patience for their enmity. For him will be the good end in this world and the Hereafter, as it happened to the Messengers and their followers.

Allah mentions in Surat al-Ankabut (29:10), regarding the  person who accepts faith without insight (knowledge), and if he is harmed for the sake  of  Allaah,  he considers  the  trial  of  the  people  as  Allaah’s punishment, i.e., if he is touched with harm, such as the harm that touched the Messengers and their followers due to their faith, and duet o their opposition to their enemies, he thinks he will escape from that harm (by complying with the disbelievers or the enemies of Allaah). He considers it like the punishment of Allaah which the believers run from by their faith, (belief).

The  believers,  due  to  their  perfect  insight,  flee from  the  painful torment  of  Allaah  to  Imaan (faith),  and  they  suffer all  what  it comprises of temporary harm. While the one whose faith is weak, due to his weak insight, flees from the pain or harm of the enemies (of the Messengers) to agreeing with them and following them; so he flees from their painful torment to the painful  torment  of  Allaah;  and  he  makes the  trial  and  affliction  of people for him the same as the torment of Allaah. Truly, he is lost, who runs away from the heat  of  an hour of torment in this world to the eternal torment, and truly he is a loser who has sought the protection from the heat (in this world) with a fire (in the Hereafter). And  if  Allaah  has  given  victory  to  His  ‘Awliyaa’  (believing  slaves,supporters,  etc.),  this  person will  say:  “I  am with you,”  and Allaah knows  what  his  breast  conceals  of  hypocrisy.”  [End  quote  of  his statement]

3. Natural Fear

To be afraid of an enemy (whose harm is apparent), such as harmful animals, drowning, being burnt, etc. This is an allowable kind of fear as long as the reasons behind it are real. The person will be praised if he takes the means of protection and preparation.

Allaah says concerning the Prophet Musa (alayhis-salaam) in Surat al-Qasas (28:21):

“So he escaped from there, looking about in a state of fear.

For example, fear of the Jinn could be natural, because they are not visible. However, we should have the correct belief in them. One should study Surat al-Jinn (chapter 72) to realize what our relationship should be with the monotheists from among the Jinn. The believing Jinn were the foremost to accept the faith when they heard the Qur’an, and their hearts magnified Allaah (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala). This fear could turn into a forbidden fear if it prevents one from performing an obligatory act; for example, getting up while it is dark to perform ablution and offer Salaatul-Fajr, especially if one is alone.This kind of fear could reach (escalate) to Shirk if it makes one believe that they (the Jinn) can harm him whenever they want, with whatever they want (i.e. to give them the will and absolute ability), without the Will of Allaah. It also reaches to the degree of Shirk if one slaughters in their name or for their sake, to please them; for example, as is done when one moves into a new house.

4. Delusive Fear

This kind of fear has no real reason, or the reason behind it is very weak.

Examples:

  • If one sees the branches of a tree or bush move and thinks an enemy is behind it
  • If one passes by two people who are laughing, and thinks they are laughing at him
  • If one attributes every evil that afflicts him to the evil eye or magic
  • Fear of sickness
  • Fear of the future

This kind of fear is dispraised and blameworthy fear and it could reach to forbidden or Shirki fear.

One  should  strengthen  his  trust  in  Allaah  (Subhaanahu  wa  Ta’ala) and believe in His Name al-Wakeel, and in the perfect Attributes of Allaah. He is sufficient for us, He is the Samad, Whose Attributes are perfect,and He is the One to Whom all people should turn for their needs. Shaytaan cannot overpower a heart which relies on Allaah, but he can overpower  a  heart  whose  attachment to  Allaah  is  weak.  All  these types of fear are prompted by Shaytaan in the hearts of people.  If one really believes that Allaah is Able to do everything, and that in His Hands are the keys of the heavens and the earth, and that He gives to whoever He wills and prevents from whoever He wills etc.,then  one’s heart  will  be  strengthened and  will  not  fear  anyone or anything  except  Him,  and  then  one  will  rid himself of  all  these delusions and fear.

If a person has a fear (natural or delusive) but it increases to be more than  his  fear  of  Allaah,  then he is  advised to learn about  Allaah’s Names and Attributes.

The Reward of whoever singles out Allaah with Fear

‘Aishah  (Radia  Allaahu  ‘anhaa)  narrated  that  the  Prophet  (Salla Allaahu  ‘alaihi  wa  sallam)  said:  “Whoever  seeks  to  acquire  the pleasure of Allaah at the expense of the people’s anger, Allaah will be pleased with him and make the people pleased with him. Whoever seeks to acquire the pleasure of the people at the expense of Allaah’s anger, Allaah will be angry with him and make the people angry with him.” [Saheeh at-Targheeb no.2250]

This Hadeeth shows that whoever seeks Allaah’s Pleasure by obeying His  Commands  and  abstaining  from all  which  He  has  prohibited  –without caring whether or not one pleases others and without paying heed to their insults and  opposition – will achieve Allaah’s Pleasure.Also Allaah will place love for that person in the hearts of mankind.But as for the one who tries to please the people at the expense of his religion, he will earn the Wrath of Allaah, and Allaah will place hate of that person in the hearts of the people, as a punishment for him.

Ibn  Taymiyyah  (Rahimahuallah)  said:  “Whoever  pleases  Allaah  and displeases people becomes a Muttaqi (pious) and His righteous slave,and  Allaah  (Subhaanahu  wa  Ta’ala) protects  (supports  and  helps)  the righteous, and Allaah is sufficient for His slave.

Allaah says in Surat at-Talaaq (65: 2-3):

“And whoever fears Allaah and keeps his duty to him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine.”

And indeed, Allaah suffices him the need of the people. Never can it happen that all people will be pleased with him, and whoever pleases people at the expense of Allaah’s Anger, they never can avail him against Allaah (if He wants to punish him); like the oppressor who will bite on his hands, i.e. out of regret.  As for the praising one turn into a dispraising one, this could happen often and also happens in the end. The end is for the piety and doesn’t happen in the beginning according to their desire.”

Shaikh Saalih Aal-Shaikh said: “This is the reward for whoever singles out  Allaah  with  the  worship  of  fear.  It  is  also  the  recompense  of whoever does not complete Tawheed in the worship of fear, because he commits a sin due to fear of the people and he makes his fear of the people a reason to do the forbidden or abandon an obligation.”

Shaikh  Abdur-Rahman  Aal-Shaikh  said:  “This  Hadeeth  shows  the punishment of the one who fears people and prefers their pleasure over  Allaah’s  Pleasure.  And  the  punishment  could  happen  in  the religion, as Allaah says in Surat Tawbah (9:77):

“So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their heart still the Day whereon they shall meet Him. Because they broke that (covenant with Allaah) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies.”


Related Posts:



 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

© 2017 For the Seekers of the Truth