The Name of Allaah, the Blessed, the Exalted, Al-Mu’tee is affirmed in Saheeh Al-Bukhaari:
Mu’awiyah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
مَنْ يُرِدِ اللَّهُ بِهِ خَيْرًا يُفَقِّهْهُ فِي الدِّينِ، وَاللَّهُ الْمُعْطِي وَأَنَا الْقَاسِمُ، وَلاَ تَزَالُ هَذِهِ الأُمَّةُ ظَاهِرِينَ عَلَى مَنْ خَالَفَهُمْ حَتَّى يَأْتِيَ أَمْرُ اللَّهِ وَهُمْ ظَاهِرُونَ
“If Allaah wants to do good for somebody, He makes him comprehend the Religion [i.e. Islam, the understanding of the Qur’an and Sunnah (legal ways of the Prophet), (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)], and Allaah is Al-Mu’tee (the Giver), and I am Al-Qaasim (i.e. the distributor), and this (Muslim) nation will remain victorious over its opponents till Allaah’s Order comes, and they will still be victorious.“ [Al-Bukhaari no. 3116]
And His Name, Al-Jawaad is mentioned in the following Ahadeeth:
Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullaah (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu) and Ibn ‘Abbaas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhuma) narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
إن الله تعالى جواد يحب الجود ، ويحب معالي الأخلاق ، ويكره سفسافها
“Indeed Allaah is Jawaad (Generous) and He loves generosity, and He loves noble (high) morals and hates lowly (bad) character.” [Saheeh Al-Jamie’ no. 1744]
In another narration by Sa’d ibn Abi Waqqas (Radia-Allaahu ‘anhu), the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
إن الله كريم يحب الكرماء، جواد يحب الجودة، يحب معالي الأخلاق ويكره سفسافها
“Indeed Allaah is Kareem (Kind) and loves those who are kind, Jawaad (Generous) and loves those who are generous, He loves high noble morals and hates lowly character.” [Saheeh Al-Jamie’ no. 1800]
The Meaning of these Two Noble Names:
Al-Mu’tee is the only Giver in reality; none can give what He withholds nor withhold what He gives. His bestowal is by just a word and His withholding (prevention) is by just a word; Verily, His Command when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it: “Be” – and it is!
All that the servants enjoy of blessings is from His Favor and Bounty. His bestowal encompasses all His servants in this world; the believers and disbelievers, the good and the wicked. However, on the Day of Resurrection, His favor is particularized for His believing slaves. He says in Surat al-Israa’ (17:20-21):
“To each these as well as those, We bestow from the Bounties of your Lord. And the Bounties of your Lord can never be forbidden.”
“See how We prefer one above another (in this world) and verily, the Hereafter will be greater in degrees and greater in preference.”
In Surat al-A’raaf (7:32), Allaah (Ta’ala) says:
“Say [O Muhammad (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)]: ‘Who has forbidden the adornment with clothes given by Allaah, which He has produced for His slaves, and At-Tayyibaat [all kinds of Halaal (lawful) things] of food?’ Say: ‘They are, in the life of this world, for those who believe, (and) exclusively for them (believers) on the Day of Resurrection (the disbelievers will not share them).’ Thus We explain the Ayaat (Islamic laws) in detail for people who have knowledge.”
Al-Jawaad is the One Who bestows abundantly; Whose Generosity prevails over all creatures, and He fills them with His Grace, Kindness, and various blessings. There is no creature that is devoid of His benevolence even for the blink of an eye.
The Impact of Allaah’s Jood (Generosity):
Ibn Al-Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said:
1) Allaah has informed man that He (Ta’ala) is the Most Generous of those who show generosity, and the Most Kind of those who are kind, and the Most Merciful of those who show mercy; and that His Mercy precedes His Anger, His Forbearance precedes His Punishment, and His Pardon precedes His Seizure. He has showered blessings upon His creation and has prescribed Mercy upon His Noble Self. He loves beneficence, generosity, bestowal, and goodness. All Grace and Bounty is in His Hand, all good is from Him, and all generosity belongs to Him. What is most beloved to Him is to show generosity to His slaves, to enlarge His bounty on them, to submerge them in His goodness and generosity, and to perfect His Favor upon them and multiply it for them. He makes them know Him by His Names and Attributes, and endears His Self to them through His Favors and Blessings.
2) Allaah (Ta’ala) is Al-Jawaad (the Most Generous) by His Essence. The generosity of every generous person is created by Him, yet their generosity is less than an atom in weight in comparison to His Generosity. There is no absolute Jawaad except Him (Ta’ala), and the generosity of every generous person is from His Generosity.
3) His Love for generosity, giving, beneficence, kindness, bestowal, and graciousness is beyond what creation can imagine or perceive with their minds.
He is Jawaad in His Essence, just as He is All-Living in His Essence, All-Knowing in His Essence, All-Hearing, All-Seeing in His Essence. His imminent Generosity is necessitated by His Essence. Pardon is more beloved to Him than vengeance, mercy is more beloved to Him than punishment, and the bestowal of grace is more beloved to Him than justice, and bestowal is more beloved to him than prevention.” [Madaarij As-Salikeen]
Impact of Belief in these Two Names:
1) Allaah loves for His slaves to have hope in Him and ask Him of His Bounty. This is because He is the True King Who is Jawaad; the Most Generous. He is the Most Generous of those who are asked, and the Most Vast of those who give. It is quoted in a Hadeeth that the Prophet (Salla-Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Indeed, he who does not ask Allaah, He gets angry with him.“ [Authenticated by Al-Albaani in As-Silsilah as-Saheeha no. 2654]
2) The slave should love Allaah, Al-Mu’tee (the Giver).
Ibn Al-Qayyim (Rahimahullaah) said: “If it was not for His love for His creation, He would not have endeared Himself to His slaves and shown kindness and beneficence to them by creating for them all that is in the heavens and earth, all that is in this world and the Hereafter. He honored them and prepared them, sent Messengers to them, sent down Books to them, legislated laws for them, and permitted them to counsel Him every time they wish. He has written for them for every good deed they do – ten good deeds to seven hundred manifold, and has written for them for every evil deed – one evil deed, and if they repent He wipes it out for them, and puts a good deed in its place. If the amount of the sins of one of them reaches the clouds of the sky, and then he asks Allaah for forgiveness, He will forgive him. And if one of them meets Him with an earth full of sins, whilst he is a monotheist (believing in Allaah Alone without associating anything in worship with Him), Allaah will meet him with an earth full of forgiveness. He legislated repentance for them, which abolishes sins, and He (Ta’ala) guides them to it and then accepts it from them. And He (Ta’ala) ordained Hajj upon them, which atones for whatever came before it, and He guided them to perform it and expiated their sins by it. Similarly, of what He has prescribed for them of acts of obedience and nearness: He is the One Who commanded them with it, created them for it, granted it to them, and gives them reward as a consequence of it. So from Him is the means and from Him is the recompense and from Him is the guidance and from Him is the gift, from the beginning to the end. They are all of His Ihsaan (Beneficence and Kindness) from the beginning to the end; He gave his slave wealth and said to him: “Seek nearness to Me by it and I will accept it from you.” The slave belongs to Him, the wealth belongs to Him, and the reward is from Him. He is Al-Mu’tee in the beginning and in the end. Then how is He not loved, whose affair is this? And how does the slave not feel shame to direct some of his love for Him to other than Him? And who deserves praise and love more than Him? Who deserves to be attributed with generosity, kindness, and benevolence more than Him? Glorified be His praises, La Ilaaha Illa Huwa, none deserves to be worshipped but He, the Almighty, the All-Wise.” [Tareeq Al-Hijratain]
3) It is incumbent on the slave who indeed knows the grace of Allaah, His Generosity and gifts, and who knows that giving is more beloved to Him than prevention (withholding), and pardon is more beloved to Him than vengeance – to not expose himself to His Anger by committing what is prohibited. For whoever does that has made the Most Generous deal with him contrary to what He is attributed with of generosity and kindness, and has exposed himself to His Anger, Wrath, and Vengeance, and made the Anger of His Lord be put in place of His Pleasure, and His Revenge and Punishment put in place of His Kindness and Generosity. By committing sins, one makes Him deal with him with Actions which are other than what is most beloved to Him, and contrary to what His Essence necessitates of Generosity and Kindness.” [Madaarij As-Salikeen]
4) It is hoped for the Jawaad, the Most Generous, to bestow upon us all, by taking the means that lead to attaining His Jood (Generosity and Kindness), and to protect us from the means that lead to His Anger, Wrath, Punishment, and Vengeance. For Generosity belongs to Him, and favor is bestowed from Him, and the matter returns to Him before and after, and there is no partner with Him (Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala).
📚 Source: Fiqh Al-Asma’ Al-Husna by Shaikh Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr
- As-Salaam (The One Free from all Defects)
- Al-Barr (The Most Subtle, Kind, Courteous, and Generous)
- Al-Muhsin (The Perfect, the Good-Doer)
- Al-Jabbar (The Compeller)